Karate Terminology

General Terms

Dojo

Training Hall

Dojo Kun

Dojo code

Seiza

Kneel

Oss

Respectful greeting or acknowledgement or understanding of a command

Sensei

Instructor

Yoi

Ready

Hidari

Left

Hajime

Start/begin

Yame

Finish/stop

Rei

Bow

Migi

Right

Kamae-te

Move to ready position

Mawatte

Turn

Gi

Karate suit

Obi

Belt

Kime

Focus

Kiai

Martial shout

Zanshin

Martial state of mind or awareness

Kihon

Basic techniques

Kata

Formal exercises

Kumite

Sparring

Jodan

Head

Chudan

Middle body

Gedan

Lower body

Stances - Dachi

Heiko dachi

Natural stance

Musubi dachi

Informal stance

Zenkutsu dachi

Front stance

Kiba dachi

Straddle stance

Kokutsu dachi

Back stance

Heisoku dachi

Feet together stance

Shiko dachi

Open leg/Sumo stance

Punches - Tsuki

Kara/Choku tsuki

Straight punch

Kizami tsuki

Front hand punch

Oi tsuki

Stepping punch

Gyaku tsuki

Reverse punch

Sanbon tsuki

Three punch combination

Ren tsuki

Two punch combination

Kagi tsuki

Hook punch

Strikes - Uchi

Age empi uchi

Rising elbow strike

Mawashi empi uchi

Round elbow strike

Tate empi uchi

Downward elbow strike

Uraken uchi

Back fist strike

Nukite

Spear hand thrust

Haito uchi

Ridge hand strike

Yoko empi uchi

Side elbow strike

Ushiro empi uchi

Reverse elbow strike

Shuto uchi

Knife hand strike

Tetsui uchi

Hammer fist strike

Teisho uchi

Palm heel strike

Kicks - Keri

Mae geri

Front kick

Yoko geri kekomi

Side thrust kick

Ushiro geri

Back kick

Ren geri

Kicking combinations stepping between kicks

Yoko geri keage

Side snap kick

Mawashi geri

Roundhouse kick

Hiza geri

Knee kick

Nidan geri

Two kicks with same leg without step between

Sparring - Kumite

Sanbon Kumite

Three step sparring

Kihon Ippon Kumite

Basic one-step sparring

Kaishi Ippon Kumite

Reaction sparring

Gohon Kumite

Five step sparring

Jiyu Ippon Kumite

Semi-free style sparring

Jiyu Kumite

Free style sparring

Ukè - Blocks

Gedan Barai

Downward block

Age Uke

Rising block

Soto Uke

Outside block

Uchi Uke

Inside block

Shuto uke

Knife hand block

Tate Shuto uke

Vertical knife hand block

Nagashi uke

Sweeping block

Haishu uke

Back hand block

Empi uke

Elbow block

Morote uke

Augmented block

Juji uke

X block

Kakewake uke

Wedge block