Karate Terminology

General Terms

Dojo

Training Hall
Dojo KunDojo code
SeizaKneel
OssRespectful greeting or acknowledgement or understanding of a command
SenseiInstructor
YoiReady
HidariLeft
HajimeStart/begin
YameFinish/stop
ReiBow
MigiRight
Kamae-teMove to ready position
MawatteTurn
GiKarate suit
ObiBelt
KimeFocus
KiaiMartial shout
ZanshinMartial state of mind or awareness
KihonBasic techniques
KataFormal exercises
KumiteSparring
JodanHead
ChudanMiddle body
GedanLower body

Stances – Dachi

Heiko dachi

Natural stance
Musubi dachiInformal stance
Zenkutsu dachiFront stance
Kiba dachiStraddle stance
Kokutsu dachiBack stance
Heisoku dachiFeet together stance
Shiko dachiOpen leg/Sumo stance

Punches – Tsuki

Kara/Choku tsuki

Straight punch
Kizami tsukiFront hand punch
Oi tsukiStepping punch
Gyaku tsukiReverse punch
Sanbon tsukiThree punch combination
Ren tsukiTwo punch combination
Kagi tsukiHook punch

Strikes – Uchi

Age empi uchi

Rising elbow strike
Mawashi empi uchiRound elbow strike
Tate empi uchiDownward elbow strike
Uraken uchiBack fist strike
NukiteSpear hand thrust
Haito uchiRidge hand strike
Yoko empi uchiSide elbow strike
Ushiro empi uchiReverse elbow strike
Shuto uchiKnife hand strike
Tetsui uchiHammer fist strike
Teisho uchiPalm heel strike

Kicks – Keri

Mae geri

Front kick
Yoko geri kekomiSide thrust kick
Ushiro geriBack kick
Ren geriKicking combinations stepping between kicks
Yoko geri keageSide snap kick
Mawashi geriRoundhouse kick
Hiza geriKnee kick
Nidan geriTwo kicks with same leg without step between

Sparring – Kumite

Sanbon Kumite

Three step sparring
Kihon Ippon KumiteBasic one-step sparring
Kaishi Ippon KumiteReaction sparring
Gohon KumiteFive step sparring
Jiyu Ippon KumiteSemi-free style sparring
Jiyu KumiteFree style sparring

Ukè – Blocks

Gedan Barai

Downward block
Age UkeRising block
Soto UkeOutside block
Uchi UkeInside block
Shuto ukeKnife hand block
Tate Shuto ukeVertical knife hand block
Nagashi ukeSweeping block
Haishu ukeBack hand block
Empi ukeElbow block
Morote ukeAugmented block
Juji ukeX block
Kakewake ukeWedge block